Tuesday, November 30, 2010

A Very Silly Case of Plagiarism

I understand that sometimes students plagiarize, but could they at least do it intelligently? A student sent me an essay on Hispanic immigrants in the US that was plagiarized from very nasty anti-immigration websites. How it can possibly occur to a person that a professor who is very evidently an immigrant will be happy to read such an essay is beyond me.

The plagiarized essay started with an assertion that shocked me: there is free universal healthcare in the US paid for by the tax payers. I'm horrified that anybody can be so out of touch with what's going on in their country. And it's funny how that same person who doesn't know a first thing about this country is so anti-immigrant.

The essay also stated that illegal immigrants get welfare and unemployment (a lie) and that Hispanic immigrants "procreate at alarming rates" (a nasty racist lie). They also spread contagious diseases. There was a lot more offensive vile anti-immigrant stuff in that essay (all copy-pasted from the Internet) but I couldn't bear reading it any further.

I will have to read 35 final essays in this course and I sincerely hope they are better than this one.

Sent via BlackBerry by AT&T

A Recalcitrant Student, Part III

So many of my readers supported me in my struggle with my recalcitrant grad student and offered great suggestions on how to handle the situation that I couldn't leave them without a conclusion to this story. Yesterday, I finally spoke with this student's supervisor and I discovered the real reason why my course made her so unhappy. It turns out that this student was hoping to go overseas and do some missionary work and she wanted said missionary work to count in lieu of her graduate courses. Of course, that wasn't possible because it isn't how grad school works, and she was forced to take actual graduate courses. Hence, the reluctance to participate and a general rejection of me and all the activities I suggested. Also, I realize that much of the content of our course on Golden Age Spanish literature might have bothered a very religious student. This isn't something that I could have remedied because the works of art we discussed in the course have been around for centuries, and they are what they are.

It seems, however, that my patient daily e-mails to this student throughout the Thanksgiving break somehow worked. Yesterday, she finally pulled herself together and showed some enthusiasm for the course. She participated in the discussions and even smiled. I wish this breakthrough happened sooner because then the student could have benefitted a lot more from the course. I'm glad, however, that I get to conduct the last two lectures in this course in a peaceful and friendly environment.

Monday, November 29, 2010

Did Somebody Say Our President Was a Socialist?

It has been announced to day that public sector workers in this country will have their pay frozen for the next two years:
[Obama] said that he had not made the decision to impose the freeze lightly. "These are people's lives. The doctors and nurses who care for our veterans; scientists who search for better treatments; men and women who care for our national parks, borders and skies." But he said these were times when "all of us are called upon to make some sacrifices". He added: "I'm asking civil servants to do what they have always done: play their part."
"All of us"? Seriously? Who are we kidding here? Does anybody doubt that the tax cuts for the very rich will be extended once again, deficit or no deficit? Or that the benefits for long-term unemployed are about to lapse this week, while nobody will lift a finger to do anything about it?

If you still think this is a "socialist" administration, you need to tell me what you are smoking because I want some of that too right now.

Work as a Cure for High Blood Pressure

I have high blood pressure, which is hereditary in my family. As I'm completely opposed to taking any kind of medication, I treat my high BP with a change of diet, weight loss, long walks, and giving up on coffee. This summer it was so hot in the area where I lived that my BP spiked to the point where I was almost completely incapacitated for over a month. So I changed my lifestyle dramatically and managed to get to a perfect BP without any medication.

Unfortunately, this semester has been so tough for me that I was forced to give up on all my good habits. I went back to guzzling coffee like a crazy maniac, eating rubbish, not sleeping, and gave up on my walks. Of course, my BP, responded immediately and shot up over the last week. This morning, I felt so sick that I thought I wouldn't be able to get myself to class. I even considered cancelling classes, which is something I never do.

The funny thing, though, is as soon as I started teaching my first class, the BP dropped. I thought about it and realized that the only time I felt great during our Thanksgiving break was the day that I spent in my office working. Have I finally found a cure for my high BP? And does it mean that I will now have to give up on rest and keep working all the time to feel healthy?

Student Texting in Class

Recently, I had a discussion with several older colleagues about how to address the issue of students texting, blogging, or updating their social media in class. The discussion was sparked by news of several professors across the continent instituting a policy of walking out of the classroom whenever they see students engage in any of the above-mentioned activities. I have to say that I was the only academic who expressed no annoyance with students doing these things in class.

In my experience, there are few groups as resistant to the introduction of new technology into our daily lives as academics. Whenever a colleague sees me with my Kindle or hears me talk about my PowerPoint presentations, a look of enormous disgust appears on their faces. It is as if reading books on Kindle were an equivalent of a professed hatred of reading per se. Still, we have to accept the reality where we now have an entire generation (of which I am a happy member) that lives glued to a cell phone, Kindle, iPad, iPod, and anything in between. Getting annoyed with people who can't maintain a conversation for ten minutes without feeling compelled to glance on their cell phone or BlackBerry is useless because every day there are more of us. Technology has changed the way we live. Now, it will of necessity change the way we communicate, teach, read, learn, and do pretty much everything.

I wish my fellow academics were more accepting of these new modes of behavior and tried seeing their productive side. At the last academic conference I visited, I didn't dare use my BlackBerry while people were speaking. At a certain point, I was dying to send a text message to my friends who were in the same building about the talk I was listening to because I knew they would have been extremely interested in it. I didn't do it because some people insist on seeing a turned on cell phone as offensive.

I don't get offended with students who text, tweet or blog in class because I do it too. Whenever my students are writing an exam or a mini-quiz, I use that time to write a blog post or read something on my Kindle. At least, my students don't see that as offensive and threaten to walk out of the classroom if I do it.

Sunday, November 28, 2010

The Case of Mohamed Osman Mohamud: A "Grand" Terrorist Plot Uncovered?

Something prevents me from taking part in the massive rejoicing that surrounds (at least, in the media) a capture by the FBI of Mohamed Osman Mohamud, a Somali-born teenager. It seems that, in the absence of actual terrorists, the FBI is now finding teenagers who might be miserable and rebellious (which should be SO hard to do), convincing them to go through a terrorist attack, supplying them with explosives, and then catching them and reporting this success to the eagerly awaiting public. And everything is timed beautifully to happen right after Thanksgiving and in the midst of a public outcry against the invasive TSA measures. Of course, it would have been more useful to catch this terrorist while he was trying to board an air-plane. But not to worry, I'm sure we will be regaled by that particular show in no time.

I don't want to enter into a debate about whether entrapment should be considered a legal police tactic used to combat crime. I know that some leading jurists have maintained that entrapment is wrong. This isn't about entrapment per se, though. It's about an entrapment of someone not old enough to buy alcohol. In my experience, it's harder to find a teenager who isn't angry at the entire universe than a teenager who is. If we were to criminalize all violent teenage fantasies, everybody would be in jail right now.

If the FBI truly had nothing else to do with their time, the ultra-complex operation of involving Mohamed in this convoluted plot might have made some sense. It feels, however, like part of the same strategy employed in the case of new TSA regulations: alleviate the public's anxiety by a well-planned to show in order to prevent people from concentrating on what they should really worry about. In my experience, the word "terrorism" gets bandied about especially actively whenever something really bad is coming in terms of the economy. Should we expect another crash?

A Scientist Defends the Humanities at SUNY Albany

I know the following letter is quite long, but it is definitely worth reading. Unlike the "spineless faculty" at SUNY Albany, Gregory Petsko, a scientist from Brandeis, has written a fantastic open letter to the so-called President of that so-called university. I wonder why the faculty of SUNY Albany haven't written a hundred, two hundred, five hundred of such letters and distributed them everywhere. But this has been the hallmark of their behavior from the day the destruction of literature departments at SUNY Albany was announced: silence.

An open letter to George M Philip, President of the State University of New York At Albany

Dear President Philip,

Probably the last thing you need at this moment is someone else from outside your university complaining about your decision. If you want to argue that I can't really understand all aspects of the situation, never having been associated with SUNY Albany, I wouldn't disagree. But I cannot let something like this go by without weighing in. I hope, when I'm through, you will at least understand why.

Just 30 days ago, on October 1st, you announced that the departments of French, Italian, Classics, Russian and Theater Arts were being eliminated. You gave several reasons for your decision, including that 'there are comparatively fewer students enrolled in these degree programs.' Of course, your decision was also, perhaps chiefly, a cost-cutting measure - in fact, you stated that this decision might not have been necessary had the state legislature passed a bill that would have allowed your university to set its own tuition rates. Finally, you asserted that the humanities were a drain on the institution financially, as opposed to the sciences, which bring in money in the form of grants and contracts.
Let's examine these and your other reasons in detail, because I think if one does, it becomes clear that the facts on which they are based have some important aspects that are not covered in your statement. First, the matter of enrollment. I'm sure that relatively few students take classes in these subjects nowadays, just as you say. There wouldn't have been many in my day, either, if universities hadn't required students to take a distribution of courses in many different parts of the academy: humanities, social sciences, the fine arts, the physical and natural sciences, and to attain minimal proficiency in at least one foreign language. You see, the reason that humanities classes have low enrollment is not because students these days are clamoring for more relevant courses; it's because administrators like you, and spineless faculty, have stopped setting distribution requirements and started allowing students to choose their own academic programs - something I feel is a complete abrogation of the duty of university faculty as teachers and mentors. You could fix the enrollment problem tomorrow by instituting a mandatory core curriculum that included a wide range of courses.
Young people haven't, for the most part, yet attained the wisdom to have that kind of freedom without making poor decisions. In fact, without wisdom, it's hard for most people. That idea is thrashed out better than anywhere else, I think, in Dostoyevsky's parable of the Grand Inquisitor, which is told in Chapter Five of his great novel, The Brothers Karamazov. In the parable, Christ comes back to earth in Seville at the time of the Spanish Inquisition. He performs several miracles but is arrested by Inquisition leaders and sentenced to be burned at the stake. The Grand Inquisitor visits Him in his cell to tell Him that the Church no longer needs Him. The main portion of the text is the Inquisitor explaining why. The Inquisitor says that Jesus rejected the three temptations of Satan in the desert in favor of freedom, but he believes that Jesus has misjudged human nature. The Inquisitor says that the vast majority of humanity cannot handle freedom. In giving humans the freedom to choose, Christ has doomed humanity to a life of suffering.
That single chapter in a much longer book is one of the great works of modern literature. You would find a lot in it to think about. I'm sure your Russian faculty would love to talk with you about it - if only you had a Russian department, which now, of course, you don't.
Then there's the question of whether the state legislature's inaction gave you no other choice. I'm sure the budgetary problems you have to deal with are serious. They certainly are at Brandeis University, where I work. And we, too, faced critical strategic decisions because our income was no longer enough to meet our expenses. But we eschewed your draconian - and authoritarian - solution, and a team of faculty, with input from all parts of the university, came up with a plan to do more with fewer resources. I'm not saying that all the specifics of our solution would fit your institution, but the process sure would have. You did call a town meeting, but it was to discuss your plan, not let the university craft its own. And you called that meeting for Friday afternoon on October 1st, when few of your students or faculty would be around to attend. In your defense, you called the timing 'unfortunate', but pleaded that there was a 'limited availability of appropriate large venue options.' I find that rather surprising. If the President of Brandeis needed a lecture hall on short notice, he would get one. I guess you don't have much clout at your university.
It seems to me that the way you went about it couldn't have been more likely to alienate just about everybody on campus. In your position, I would have done everything possible to avoid that. I wouldn't want to end up in the 9th Bolgia (ditch of stone) of the 8th Circle of the Inferno, where the great 14th century Italian poet Dante Alighieri put the sowers of discord. There, as they struggle in that pit for all eternity, a demon continually hacks their limbs apart, just as in life they divided others.

The Inferno is the first book of Dante's Divine Comedy, one of the great works of the human imagination. There's so much to learn from it about human weakness and folly. The faculty in your Italian department would be delighted to introduce you to its many wonders - if only you had an Italian department, which now, of course, you don't.
And do you really think even those faculty and administrators who may applaud your tough-minded stance (partly, I'm sure, in relief that they didn't get the axe themselves) are still going to be on your side in the future? I'm reminded of the fable by Aesop of the Travelers and the Bear: two men were walking together through the woods, when a bear rushed out at them. One of the travelers happened to be in front, and he grabbed the branch of a tree, climbed up, and hid himself in the leaves. The other, being too far behind, threw himself flat down on the ground, with his face in the dust. The bear came up to him, put his muzzle close to the man's ear, and sniffed and sniffed. But at last with a growl the bear slouched off, for bears will not touch dead meat. Then the fellow in the tree came down to his companion, and, laughing, said 'What was it that the bear whispered to you?' 'He told me,' said the other man, 'Never to trust a friend who deserts you in a pinch.'

I first learned that fable, and its valuable lesson for life, in a freshman classics course. Aesop is credited with literally hundreds of fables, most of which are equally enjoyable - and enlightening. Your classics faculty would gladly tell you about them, if only you had a Classics department, which now, of course, you don't.
As for the argument that the humanities don't pay their own way, well, I guess that's true, but it seems to me that there's a fallacy in assuming that a university should be run like a business. I'm not saying it shouldn't be managed prudently, but the notion that every part of it needs to be self-supporting is simply at variance with what a university is all about. You seem to value entrepreneurial programs and practical subjects that might generate intellectual property more than you do 'old-fashioned' courses of study. But universities aren't just about discovering and capitalizing on new knowledge; they are also about preserving knowledge from being lost over time, and that requires a financial investment. There is good reason for it: what seems to be archaic today can become vital in the future. I'll give you two examples of that. The first is the science of virology, which in the 1970s was dying out because people felt that infectious diseases were no longer a serious health problem in the developed world and other subjects, such as molecular biology, were much sexier. Then, in the early 1990s, a little problem called AIDS became the world's number 1 health concern. The virus that causes AIDS was first isolated and characterized at the National Institutes of Health in the USA and the Institute Pasteur in France, because these were among the few institutions that still had thriving virology programs. My second example you will probably be more familiar with. Middle Eastern Studies, including the study of foreign languages such as Arabic and Persian, was hardly a hot subject on most campuses in the 1990s. Then came September 11, 2001. Suddenly we realized that we needed a lot more people who understood something about that part of the world, especially its Muslim culture. Those universities that had preserved their Middle Eastern Studies departments, even in the face of declining enrollment, suddenly became very important places. Those that hadn't - well, I'm sure you get the picture.

I know one of your arguments is that not every place should try to do everything. Let other institutions have great programs in classics or theater arts, you say; we will focus on preparing students for jobs in the real world. Well, I hope I've just shown you that the real world is pretty fickle about what it wants. The best way for people to be prepared for the inevitable shock of change is to be as broadly educated as possible, because today's backwater is often tomorrow's hot field. And interdisciplinary research, which is all the rage these days, is only possible if people aren't too narrowly trained. If none of that convinces you, then I'm willing to let you turn your institution into a place that focuses on the practical, but only if you stop calling it a university and yourself the President of one. You see, the word 'university' derives from the Latin 'universitas', meaning 'the whole'. You can't be a university without having a thriving humanities program. You will need to call SUNY Albany a trade school, or perhaps a vocational college, but not a university. Not anymore.

I utterly refuse to believe that you had no alternative. It's your job as President to find ways of solving problems that do not require the amputation of healthy limbs. Voltaire said that no problem can withstand the assault of sustained thinking. Voltaire, whose real name was François-Marie Arouet, had a lot of pithy, witty and brilliant things to say (my favorite is 'God is a comedian playing to an audience that is afraid to laugh'). Much of what he wrote would be very useful to you. I'm sure the faculty in your French department would be happy to introduce you to his writings, if only you had a French department, which now, of course, you don't.
I guess I shouldn't be surprised that you have trouble understanding the importance of maintaining programs in unglamorous or even seemingly 'dead' subjects. From your biography, you don't actually have a PhD or other high degree, and have never really taught or done research at a university. Perhaps my own background will interest you. I started out as a classics major. I'm now Professor of Biochemistry and Chemistry. Of all the courses I took in college and graduate school, the ones that have benefited me the most in my career as a scientist are the courses in classics, art history, sociology, and English literature. These courses didn't just give me a much better appreciation for my own culture; they taught me how to think, to analyze, and to write clearly. None of my sciences courses did any of that.
One of the things I do now is write a monthly column on science and society. I've done it for over 10 years, and I'm pleased to say some people seem to like it. If I've been fortunate enough to come up with a few insightful observations, I can assure you they are entirely due to my background in the humanities and my love of the arts.
One of the things I've written about is the way genomics is changing the world we live in. Our ability to manipulate the human genome is going to pose some very difficult questions for humanity in the next few decades, including the question of just what it means to be human. That isn't a question for science alone; it's a question that must be answered with input from every sphere of human thought, including - especially including - the humanities and arts. Science unleavened by the human heart and the human spirit is sterile, cold, and self-absorbed. It's also unimaginative: some of my best ideas as a scientist have come from thinking and reading about things that have, superficially, nothing to do with science. If I'm right that what it means to be human is going to be one of the central issues of our time, then universities that are best equipped to deal with it, in all its many facets, will be the most important institutions of higher learning in the future. You've just ensured that yours won't be one of them.
Some of your defenders have asserted that this is all a brilliant ploy on your part - a master political move designed to shock the legislature and force them to give SUNY Albany enough resources to keep these departments open. That would be Machiavellian (another notable Italian writer, but then, you don't have any Italian faculty to tell you about him), certainly, but I doubt that you're that clever. If you were, you would have held that town meeting when the whole university could have been present, at a place where the press would be all over it. That's how you force the hand of a bunch of politicians. You proclaim your action on the steps of the state capitol. You don't try to sneak it through in the dead of night, when your institution has its back turned.

No, I think you were simply trying to balance your budget at the expense of what you believe to be weak, outdated and powerless departments. I think you will find, in time, that you made a Faustian bargain. Faust is the title character in a play by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It was written around 1800 but still attracts the largest audiences of any play in Germany whenever it's performed. Faust is the story of a scholar who makes a deal with the devil. The devil promises him anything he wants as long as he lives. In return, the devil will get - well, I'm sure you can guess how these sorts of deals usually go. If only you had a Theater department, which now, of course, you don't, you could ask them to perform the play so you could see what happens. It's awfully relevant to your situation. You see, Goethe believed that it profits a man nothing to give up his soul for the whole world. That's the whole world, President Philip, not just a balanced budget. Although, I guess, to be fair, you haven't given up your soul. Just the soul of your institution.

Disrespectfully yours,
Gregory A Petsko

Saturday, November 27, 2010

Fox News in Canada

When I first moved to the US from Canada, it took me a while to figure out which TV channels were worth watching. Once, I was really tired after a long day at school and felt like watching some comedy. After flipping through a dozen channels, I alighted at a program that was absolutely hilarious. It was a brilliant parody of a newscast, where "journalists" offered a set of completely Medieval beliefs as "facts", introducing them with a phrase "some people say. . ." and opening their eyes very wide, as if that were supposed to lend credence to the junk they were spouting. There was also this hilarious gentleman who parodied the process of interviewing a guest. He kept chattering in a completely crazy way, never letting the interviewee get a word in, raising his voice to the point of screaming, and offering a barrage of disjointed and completely ridiculous statements. I had a blast watching it and shared my discovery of this fantastic comedy channel with my American friends. They burst my illusion, though, by informing me that this was supposed to be an actual news channel. This is how I discovered Fox News.

As if it weren't enough that so many Americans made complete fools out of themselves believing that Fox News had anything to do with news reporting, we will now get our own Fox News channel in Canada:
"It will aim to challenge conventional wisdom and offer Canadians a new choice and a new voice on TV," Quebecor Media CEO Pierre Karl Peladeau said as the conservative news channel faces stiff competition from existing cable news channels operated by the CBC and CTV networks.
If by "conventional wisdom" Fox News means intelligence, basic decency and honesty in reporting, then I have no doubt that the new channel will do a great job challenging these standards. I hope that my fellow Canadians are smart enough to see this new channel for what it is: a parody of journalism that would be really funny if it weren't as scary as it is.

Slavoj Zizek's On Belief: A Review, Part II

The first part of this review is located here.

It took me a while to write the second part of this review because I find the last chapters of the book to be quite inferior in quality not only to the beginning of On Belief but to the philosopher's entire oeuvre. Žižek's goal here is to convince us that Leninist terror and the "ideal" Communist society it aims to create can still be rescued from oblivion and taken up as legitimate political projects. Žižek realizes that any Communist project requires a profound transformation in the very nature of human beings: from separate beings trapped in our individuality we should move towards becoming driven by collective needs. Žižek realizes, of course, that in developed countries we are moving in the opposite direction, which is something he laments bitterly.

What Žižek blames for this - and what he hates the most, in a truly Leninist style - is liberalism of a certain ilk:
Every contact with another human being is experienced as a potential threat – if the other smokes, if he casts a covetous glance at me, he already hurts me; this logic of victimization is today universalized, reaching well beyond the standard cases of sexual or racist harassment – recall the growing financial industry of paying damage claims, from the tobacco industry deal in the USA and the financial claims of the Holocaust victims and forced laborers in Nazi Germany, and the idea that the USA should pay the African-Americans hundreds of billions of dollars for all they were deprived of due to their past slavery … This notion of the subject as an irresponsible victim involves the extreme Narcissistic perspective from which every encounter with the Other appears as a potential threat to the subject's precarious imaginary balance; as such, it is not the opposite, but, rather, the inherent supplement of the liberal free subject: in today's predominant form of individuality, the self-centered assertion of the psychological subject paradoxically overlaps with the perception of oneself as a victim of circumstances.
If you are surprised at the virulence of this long quote, you have to remember that there is nothing more hateful for a Communist than a move towards any kind of individualism. Unless we sacrifice what this philosopher sees as our puny personal concerns, interests, and traumas for the greater good (which, by the way, he hasn't yet been able to specify), we are doomed to become even more narcissistic and alienated than before. Everything that makes our lives more tolerable in the here and now is hated by Žižek for the simple reason that the more content we are with our existence, the less likely is any collective agreement to a revolution and an attendant reign of terror, which Žižek is honest enough to accept as unavoidable.
On Belief  proceeds to attack the fear that a revolution will deprive us of a set of freedoms we have come to cherish and see as necessary to any satisfactory mode of existence. Žižek attacks our belief that we enjoy any freedom that matters through making a distinction between formal and actual freedom:

This is what the distinction between "formal" and "actual" freedom ultimately amounts to: "formal" freedom is the freedom of choice WITHIN the coordinates of the existing power relations, while "actual" freedom designates the site of an intervention which undermines these very coordinates. . . We can go on making our small choices, "reinventing ourselves" thoroughly, on condition that these choices do not seriously disturb the social and ideological balance.
Of course, you can only see indivdual life choices as small, if individual lives are of lesser value to you than the collective. This is an easy position to take, since any collective is never anything other than imagined. Speaking in the name of the collective is, thus, giving a voice to a non-existent entity, one that you can easily invest with any characteristics, desires and preferences. If the collective isn't truly there, it will not be able to contradict you.

What especially disappointed me in the second half of this book wasn't even Žižek's simplistic approach to Judaism and Christianity. It was the fact that this brilliant literary critic produced the most inept specimen of literary criticism I have encountered in a long time. I have heard quite a few impotent explanations of the Soviet Union's eventual rejection of Modernism and its replacement with Socialist Realism, but none of them have been as silly as Žižek's:
The Russian avant-garde art of the early 1920s (futurism, constructivism) not only zealously endorsed industrialization, it even endeavored to reinvent a new industrial man – no longer the old man of sentimental passions and roots in traditions, but the new man who gladly accepts his role as a bolt or screw in the gigantic coordinated industrial Machine. As such, it was subversive in its very "ultra-orthodoxy," i.e. in its over-identification with the core of the official ideology …THIS is what was unbearable to AND IN the official Stalinist ideology, so that the Stalinist "socialist realism" effectively WAS an attempt to reassert a "Socialism with a human face," i.e. to reinscribe the process of industrialization within the constraints of the traditional psychological individual: in the Socialist Realist texts, paintings and films, individuals are no longer rendered as parts of the global Machine, but as warm, passionate persons.
This maladroit analysis fails, of course, to account for the Soviet rejection of ANY kind of Modernism, not just the type of avant-garde Žižek describes (which was actually in no way representative of the Russian Modernism as whole). The hatred of all major totalitarian regimes of the XXth century towards Modernist art is an issue that should not be touched upon whatsoever if the best one can do is this ridiculously manipulative analysis.

Žižek's gaffe in analyzing the predominance of Socialist Realism in the Soviet Union makes me wonder what the philosopher imagines his books audience to be like. If he expects his readers to be ignorant enough to miss all the reticences and falsehoods contained in this paragraph (as well as in many others), then how can he expect said uneducated audience to get through the previous 100 pages of his text where Hegel, Kant, Heidegger, Lacan, and Freud are referenced in every line?

Friday, November 26, 2010

How To Promote Your Blog, Make It Popular, And Attract Readers

I have only been blogging for 19 months and before that I knew nothing whatsoever about blogging. So I've been really reluctant to write this post. I have finally decided to write it because I received so many requests from my readers to share the "secrets" of this blog's popularity that I couldn't resist any longer.

I'm sure there are many things that more experienced bloggers know about this. Also, I don't have any time to follow the regular advice dispensed to beginner bloggers to promote their blogs on Technorati, blog carnivals, webrings, etc. As it is, I spend from 30 to 60 minutes every day answering blog-related mail and another 60 to 90 minutes moderating comments. And then there is also answering comments and actually writing the posts. There are days when I spend up to 8 hours on blog-related activities. And that's on top of my full-time job. So scouring blog promotion sites is really out of the question for me. The advice I can give mostly has to do with what you can do within the blog itself to make it easier for readers to find it and keep coming back once they do. Once again, I don't pretend to be any kind of authority on this. This is what works for me. If you have any suggestions of your own, do leave them in the comment section.

1. Mind the titles of your posts. Many people go out of their way to come up with fun, snappy titles for their blog posts. I'm sure that this strategy makes their regular readers very happy, but it also makes it very hard for new readers to find the blog. The best thing for the post title is to be as descriptive as possible of what the post contains. Think about the search phrase that people who might be interested in this post will enter into their search engine and design the post title accordingly. You will end up with long, boring titles, but also a bunch of new readers every day.

2. The length of the posts matters. In my experience, posts should be neither too long nor too short. If a reader followed a link to your blog and found a post that is just 3 or 4 lines long, it is possible that they will feel disappointed and won't come back. At the same time, excessively long posts bore people. Visitors might not even begin reading the post if they see it is too long. I suggest breaking up a longer post into 2 or 3 parts.

3. Guest posting might be counter-productive. Several bloggers shared with me something that confirmed my own experience: more often than not, inviting guest bloggers to post on your blog decreases readership. If you do it more often than once or twice a year, the readership might decrease dramatically. Even if your guest blogger is very talented and writes a lot better than you do, people don't want to read their posts on your blog. (That is, unless your guest blogger is some kind of a huge celebrity, but how often does that happen?) If readers come to your blog, they come to read your posts and they feel disappointed if you offer them somebody else's writing instead. As your blog becomes more popular, you will start getting offers to guest post more and more often (I receive at least one a day.) It might feel like accepting these offers will give you more posts, which will end up in bringing in more readers. In reality, it works the opposite way.

4. Make the blog easy to understand for new readers. As in any relationship, you will end up developing a language of your own with your long-standing readers. Some bloggers tend to forget that this language is incomprehensible to new readers. Sometimes, you read a post and have a feeling that there is a lot of interesting history behind it, which is not comprehensible to readers who haven't been to the blog before. Before you publish the post, read it as if you were a first-time visitor. And then change it in a way that will make the post easy to understand to anyone who has never been to the blog before.

5. Don't limit yourself in the choice of topics. I know this advice is contrary to what many blog promotion sites suggest: just choose a topic and stick to it. There is an important difference between blogs that are trying to sell something and blogs that aren't. My blog isn't selling anything. Of course, it's nice when people go to Amazon through this blog and buy what they need, but it was never the point of the blog. Nowadays, I receive offers to place paid advertisement on my blog about every other day and, for now, I'm resisting these offers. As a result, I can write about absolutely anything I want, and the blog has a chance to attract different kinds of people with a variety of interests.

6. Write often. I know that you must have heard this a hundred times before, but it's a truth that bears repeating. I know that I feel quite annoyed when my favorite bloggers

7. A blog is not the same as a Facebook page. Posting tons of photos of your friends and of every event you attended is only of interest to the people you know. If you have no desire to attract readers who've never met you, go ahead and do it. However, if you want to increase your readership beyond the circle of your immediate acquaintanceship, I suggest you move all that personal stuff to Facebook. As a reader of your blog, I have no interest in knowing what your friend's friend looks like when she is drunk and I don't find looking at 15 pictures of your kitten throwing up on the carpet all that fascinating.

8. Follow the buzz. At any given time, there is a subject or two that's on everybody's mind. Identifying such a topic and writing about it while it's still hot will bring an explosion of readership to the blog. For me, that has always been the most difficult strategy to follow because I never have the time to stay updated on what everybody is watching on YouTube or tweeting on Twitter. However, as your blog becomes more popular, you will discover that your readers will do this work for you. If you have received three requests within the hour to discuss a certain subject on the blog, it might be a good idea to look into it.

Thursday, November 25, 2010

Video on the Airport Scanners

Courtesy of our reader V., here is a video on what you can - or, rather, cannot - see on the airport scanners:

Snow in Edwardsville

I can't believe I'm seeing snow in Edwardsville so early in the year. Nothing could have made me happier today because, as a Northerner, I love snow and miss it dearly here in the Midwest.

Sent via BlackBerry by AT&T

Happy Birthday, Catherine!

Happy Birthday to you, my lovely friend! May this new year in your life bring you all the happiness, success, and adventure that you deserve.


So I ordered a red leather case for my new BlackBerry from Amazon a couple of days ago. I was told I wouldn't receive it before Christmas, which was fine with me.

Yesterday I got the package you can see in the picture out of my mailbox. It was sent from Hong Kong and the customs declaration form specified, as you can see, that it was an "unsolicited gift." My first reaction was that of fear. Handling the package with extreme care, I brought it into the house, placed it on the coffee-table, and spent the next 30 minutes worrying about what to do with it. I'm ashamed to say that I even put my ear to it to listen for the sounds of ticking.

Eventually, I opened it - again, with extreme care bordering on paranoia - and discovered the BlackBerry case I'd ordered from Amazon.

Obviously, as a quiet, peaceful academic, I have no need to worry about terrorists sending me Anthrax or explosive devices. Still, the current paranoia about mysterious packages proved to be infectious in my case. Even now that I'm writing about it, I'm curling my toes in shame over my own ridiculousness.

Sent via BlackBerry by AT&T

What Are You Thankful For?

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Paper Books

So last night, after a very long break, I started reading a paper book. Since I bought my first Kindle in May of 2008, I gradually stopped reading paper books at all. They are bulky, heavy, inconvenient. If you underline quotes in them, the marks are usually indelible. Besides, you can neither transfer underlined quotes and notes on the margins to your blog nor tweet them. And what's the point of a good quote, if you can't share it with anybody and receive instant feedback?

When another book or article is mentioned within a paper book, I can't find out how much it costs and what other people have to say about it. And it is really confusing to be reading a book whose Amazon ratings are unknown to you. How should a reader even know what to expect from it?

Another annoying thing about a paper book is that whenever I encounter a word I don't know, pressing my finger on the margin next to the unknown word does absolutely nothing. A dictionary doesn't come up to inform me what the word means, which is beyond inconvenient. And what is one supposed to do when one gets bored with the book? A paper book doesn't allow you to switch to a game or even play music. It doesn't even know how to narrate the text for you out loud while you are doing something else. What is a reader supposed to do, just stay reading and not do anything else in the meanwhile? How is that even possible? And how is one supposed to update one's social media while being stuck with this unwieldy paper device? I mean it isn't like a person can be expected to go for an entire half hour without checking their Twitter account, their e-mails, and their blog, right?

In short, paper books are a horrible drag. Who on Earth invented these cumbersome, inconvenient things that haven't released a new version in 570 years?

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

How Democrats Defend the New TSA Procedures

As egregious as the body scans and the pat-downs now implemented by the TSA as part of their idiotic "airport security" measures might be, the way in which the Democrats defend these procedures are even worse. This is a quote from DailyKos on the subject:
It's certainly not the worst governmental abuse of our civil liberties. Give me a choice between getting fondled by the TSA and having AT&T spy on me on behalf of the NSA, and I'll take the latter. At least it's my choice to get on a plane, and I can do everything in my power to minimize time spent at airports. I also assume you ladies would rather be fondled at the airport than have Republicans put a lock on your uterus. And at least those TSA people are engaging in non-discriminatory groping, as opposed to the manhandling brown and black people get from police on city streets and sidewalks.
As you can see, it's the same old ". . . but the Republicans are even worse" routine that we keep hearing from the Dems. Sad that even after this strategy lost them the Congress three weeks ago, they still repeat the same chant with the insistence of a broken record.

Another progressive blogger treated the subject with even less intellectual grace. She suggested that people who resent the pat-downs and the body scans are all homophobic. So now we, the autistics, will have to deal both with panic attacks resulting from being touched by strangers and with explaining that we do not hate gays, we just have a neurological condition that makes this procedure especially traumatic for us. Of course, the autistics are far from being the only group who has a legitimate, non-homophobic reason for detesting these procedures. I can think of at least five on the spot. Apparently, the progressive blogger in question cannot.

Day Four of Thanksgiving Break

I'm in day four of my nine-day-long Thanksgiving break and already I have observed a couple of interesting things. On Day 1, I was wandering around like the Ghost of Hamlet's Father, falling asleep every two hours and incapable of doing anything more productive than reading a trivial biography of Somerset Maugham. On Day 2, I felt like the Ghost of Hamlet himself and managed to complete simple tasks, such as, for example, staying awake for significant stretches of time. On Day 3, I wasn't anybody's ghost any more and felt ready to perform the role of Hamlet himself: still pale, weepy, and self-involved, but at least marginally alive and ready for protagonism. Then today, I finally woke up completely well-rested and even managed to finish some projects that I had been putting off for a while.

I mentioned before that the schedule this semester has been the hardest I ever experienced in my teaching career. When I think of it, what leaves me so completely wiped out isn't the number of hours I have to teach or the class preparation. It's the lack of time to read, think, write, and brood that makes me feel completely exhausted. On Mondays (and only on Mondays), I spend between 9 and 10 hours at work. Three of these hours are mine to do whatever I wish. Still, it takes me almost until the end of the week to recuperate from such a schedule. (I only have two more Mondays left to go and I solemnly promise to my readers not to mention this topic for at least another 1,5 years.)

It's really scary to consider how many people work this 9-hour schedule five days a week 50 weeks per year. I don't think that anybody can find time for any kind of intellectual and personal growth with such a schedule, especially if one's work is not extremely fulfilling. In many European countries, employers have started experimenting with flexible work schedules where employees are not required to be physically present in the office 40 hours a week every week. Sadly, American employers don't seem willing to get innovative in the way they organize the work process.

Selina Hastings's The Secret Lives of Somerset Maugham: A Review, Part II

What I find especially interesting about Maugham - and what I wished this biography addressed a little more intelligently than it did - is how fast his fame faded. As Hastings points out, Maugham's works have even been adapted to the screen more times than Conan Doyle's. Still, today almost everybody knows Conan Doyle, while Maugham's name is familiar to a very narrow circle of readers. I only know his work so well because in the Soviet Union where I was born censorship limited our familiarity with English-speaking authors of the XXth century to those writers who remained completely untouched by Modernism and continued writing in the outdated realist style. And herein, I believe, lies the main reason for Maugham's loss of popularity.

Hastings recognizes that
it was not done in highbrow circles to take [Maugham's] writing seriously.
Incapable of finding an intelligent explanation of why Maugham was not seen as an equal by the artistic giants of his era, Hastings provides an answer of her own: they were jealous of his affluence, his big villa and his expensive limousine. Once again, one wishes that Hastings had some minimal familiarity with the development of literature in English. Maugham knew that he was consistently considered "a second-rate writer", and it's obvious that this knowledge was deeply painful to him. It is a disservice to the writer not to explore this issue and, instead, concentrate on excruciatingly boring sex lives of his numerous acquaintances.

Hastings's inadequacy at a serious analysis of Maugham's legacy reduces her to filling page after page with painstakingly researched minutiae of the author's daily existence. We find out the names of everybody who visited this extremely hospitable writer at his villa, what the guests ate and drank, where they went after lunch and before afternoon tea. Hastings provides us with names and brief biographies of pretty much everybody Maugham met in his long and active life. We are even regaled with the knowledge that one of the writer's male lovers used to sit in the patio of Maugham's villa in pink shorts at a certain point in time, while another lover walked around in very short white shorts out of which his thighs bulged ridiculously, and that Maugham once won $12 at a game of cards (which was far from the only one he played in his life). This wealth of mundane details can be of interest only to the most assiduous of fans. Since I am not one of them, I found those pages of the The Secret Lives of Somerset Maugham: A Biography incredibly tedious.

This biographer's tendency to disregard what really matters in favor of utterly trivial details manifests itself especially strongly in the last third of the book. Hastings mentions a couple of times in passing Maugham's "socialist beliefs" but fails to elaborate what they consisted of and how this intensely snobbish writer who spent his life in a relentless pursuit of aristocrats managed to remain any kind of a socialist. Instead of discussing Maugham's politics, a feat for which this biographer is signally unsuited, Hastings tells us at length what cars the author bought before and after the war, that writer Ian Fleming enjoyed beating his wife with wet towels, and what a lover of Maugham's lover's lover (no, there is no typo here) wrote in a letter that had nothing whatsoever to do with Maugham.

The entire effort that Hastings made in writing this book can be summed up in the words of one of my favorite colleagues: "Incompetents abound."

[The first part of the review is located here]

Monday, November 22, 2010

Student Feedback Time

One of my students (who is the most brilliant student I have ever had) wrote the following to me:
Seriously, you are one of the best professors I've had in my academic career, and I want you to know that you are a gift for our small Midwestern university.
The most rewarding thing is that this student, who last spring could barely maintain a simple dialogue in Spanish, today writes this complex sentence in a beautiful Spanish without a single mistake. After the debacle with my recalcitrant grad student (who keeps sending me rude e-mails every day, which makes my blood pressure go up), this is a very welcome message to receive from a student.

And you know what this student decided to thank me for? He is happy that in our course we have daily written homework that gives him useful feedback and allows him to improve his language constantly. Being blessed with students like this one almost makes one forget all the drama generated by the sole nasty student.

New Procedures for Body Scans and Pat Downs at US Airports

People keep asking why I still haven't blogged about the new, highly invasive airport "security" procedures recently introduced by the US Transportation Security Administration. The Internet is abuzz with horrifying stories of people feeling humiliated and traumatized by these ridiculous procedures.

I kept away from this story for a while because, as hard as I try, I haven't been able to figure it out. Is President Obama trying not to get elected in 2012? What is he doing here?? As soon as he came to power, a huge propaganda campaign was unleashed that presented him as an advocate of an extremely strong and intrusive government that wants to rob people of their livelihoods, dignity, and everything under the sun. In the recent midterm elections, Obama lost his Congress to this propaganda. So what does he go and do right after this huge loss? He allows TSA, a governmental body, to invade people's privacy and demolish their dignity in one of the most egregious ways imaginable through these useless and idiotic measures. I thought of myself as the unlikeliest person to adopt the "Government is evil" stance but after I read some of the stories of people who recently experienced these scans and pat downs, I do feel like sharing in this opinion.

President Obama stands by the TSA's increasingly controversial security measures that Boing Boing described as the "You choose: star in a porno shoot or let me squeeze your genitals policy," in which passengers are either scanned and seen nude, or they're groped and made to feel awkward. Obama admitted, however, that since he doesn't fly commercial, he's actually never experienced this inconvenience firsthand.
Obama here is presented as a condescending, elitist prick, who is completely out of touch with the experiences of regular, hard-working people whose rights he tramples on so unthinkingly. Is it me, or is it really self-evident that this is pretty much the worst thing he can be doing right now for his chances in 2012?

On a personal level, I know that with the way I look, every TSA jerk will be more than happy to paw me around at the airport. And I will get aggressive, which will not end well for anybody involved. And when that happens, it will not be Bush, or the Republicans, or Sarah Palin that I will be blaming. It will be President Obama and the inept bunch of Democratic losers whose inane policies will now most certainly cost them the presidency in 2012. Something tells me that after this I will not be too heart-broken to see them go.

P.S. Just turned on the CNN and saw that only today two airplanes in the US had to undergo emergency landings due to faulty engines. Wouldn't it be more conducive to ensuring passenger safety to make sure that airplanes are in good condition?

P.P.S. In the same CNN newscast, A TSA offical said that these measures are necessary because terrorists out there are trying to kill (and I quote verbatim) "not only Americans but innocent people all over the world." Huh?

Sunday, November 21, 2010

Selina Hastings's The Secret Lives of Somerset Maugham: A Review, Part I

I started my Thanksgiving break with a plan to relax completely and exorcise the accumulated exhaustion of a very difficult semester. In order to do that, I embarked on a project of reading Selina Hastings's bulky biography of Somerset Maugham. In case you don't know, W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) was one of the most successful and popular British authors in the period between the two great wars. Today, most people don't know Somerset Maugham and he isn't widely read at all. His novel Of Human Bondage is still quite popular. However, his short stories and plays that made Maugham so famous have fallen out of favor with the readers. There are several reasons for that. For one, Maugham was a strong believer in the colonial system of the British Empire. His colonialism jumps off the pages of his short stories and is quite disgusting. He was also a vicious misogynist and made a career out of selling his contempt towards women. Maugham pretty much missed the boat of Modernism and kept writing in a plodding realist style, which was quite unsuited to the realities of the XXth century.

Obviously, Maugham's colinialism and male chauvinism disgust me profoundly. Still, I have to confess that I have a secret love for his short stories because they are so beautifully crafted. It is my contention that before Julio Cortazar's time, nobody could write a short story better than Maugham. If you have no idea what I'm on about, just read Maugham's short story "The Lotus Eater" (which is available in open access online here) and you'll see what I mean. Sadly, Maugham proved incapable of inscribing himself into the XXth century either ideologically or stylistically. He wasted his considerable gifts on pushing the outdated message of colonial and masculine domination, which is why his erstwhile fame is well-nigh forgotten nowadays.

Unfortunately, Selina Hastings lacks the most basic understanding of how to analyze literature. She could have definitely benefitted from taking at least a couple of literature classes. Then, she would have known, for example, that it is wrong to confuse the writer with his characters. She has this annoying habit of saying: "This is what Maugham felt/thought/did" and trying to prove that with a quote from his novel Of Human Bondage about the feelings, thoughts and actions of the novel's protagonist Philip Carey. As autobiographical as that novel might have been, Carey and Maugham are not the same person. Trying to psychoanalyze the author on the basis of what his characters say or do is the kind of a rookie mistake that a serious literary biographer should never commit. Whenever Hastings attempts to offer an analysis of one of Maugham's works, she invariably slips into the language of a seventh-grader's book report:
One of Maugham’s greatest strengths as a novelist is his ability to create three-dimensional characters, women as well as men, interacting with one another.
Imagine that. A novelist writes about men - and even women - who actually interact with one another. This surprising fact definitely needed addressing in the writer's biography.

Given to hero-worshipping her subject, Hastings manages not to notice his vitriolic hatred of women. She goes as far as suggesting that the opposite is the case. For this biographer, Maugham was
a man who enjoyed the company of women, who in his fiction and his friendships was so understanding and compassionate toward them.
I wouldn't be able to address Maugham's friendships with women (although I do know - and Hastings offers ample proof for my opinion - that he treated his wife and daughter abominably), but as for his writing, it isn't often that one encounters an author who has done quite as much as Maugham to create a gallery of horrible, nasty, disgusting, stupid, venal, brainless women. It is unsurprising that Hastings, who can construct a turn of phrase as atrocious as
doctors, diplomats, traders, missionaries, and their women
would be incapable of noticing Maugham's misogyny. Hastings is so blindly uncritical of Maugham's every word, position, and action that she quite sincerely suggests that one of the reasons why Maugham's marriage was such a disaster was that
the traditional feminine occupations of knitting and needlework held no appeal for [his wife] whatsoever.
Of course, it is just as probable that the marriage suffered more because of the fact that the traditional husbandly occupation of having sex with his wife held no appeal whatsoever for Maugham, who was gay. Hastings, however, chooses to demonize Maugham's long-suffering wife Syrie for not learning to knit, which, as Hastings seems to believe, would have distracted her from her husband's numerous homosexual affairs and turned this marriage into an endless bliss.

[Find Part II of the review here.]

A Great Video on Changing Education Paradigms

Thank you, Canukistani, for sending me this great video on education!!!

Saturday, November 20, 2010

What Matters More: Prof. Talbert's Outburst or Furloughs at SIU?

In the last couple of days, 344 people came to this blog searching for information about Cornell's Professor Talbert who berated his students in class for acting disrespectfully. While this entire hullabaloo around Talbert's remarks has been occupying everybody's attentions, the very real assault on the system of higher education continued. To give an example, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale decided to send its teaching faculty on a 4-day furlough:
CARBONDALE, Ill. (AP) - Southern Illinois University Carbondale Chancellor Rita Cheng has told university employees four unpaid furlough days will be instituted in coming months. The furloughs are part of an effort to close a $2.5 million budget shortfall. It is being imposed on non-unionized staff and members of unions that agreed to the unpaid leave.
But does anybody care that people are deprived of remuneration for the work they do educating the younger generations of this country? Is anybody interested in the tenured faculty members scheduled to lose their jobs in Mississippi, Florida, Albany, and several other places? Are people in a rush to join the discussion about why the standards of higher education in this country are dropping so fast that soon we will be even more of a laughing stock than we already are in the world?

No, not really. Instead, a lot more people are eager to dump on a professor who had the gall to demand that the students respect him. How dare he complain? they ask. He is getting a good salary, and for now, no furloughs have been scheduled at Cornell. He should just count his blessings and shut up. If the students choose to walk all over him and disrespect him in every way, he should just put up with it because nowadays having any kind of a job - let alone a well-paying one - is a boon not to be sneezed at.

As understandable as this attitude is, it is likely to lead us to a complete destruction of our system of higher education while we keep ridiculing academics and dumping on hard-working educators.

Friday, November 19, 2010

A Recalcitrant Student, Part II

I told you before about my sole recalcitrant graduate student who has been making my life unnecessarily difficult. Now, the student has failed a written assignment. There is nothing subjective about her failing, since she simply left the answer boxes completely empty. Do you want to guess how many extremely long and aggressive e-mails I got from her explaining why (yet again) I'm to blame for her failing the assignment? Five. In every single response, I explained to her the options she has to remedy the situation but the e-mail assault on my patience continues. Do people who do such things somehow believe that they are making a good impression in this way? Do they believe that antagonizing the professor will eventually work in their favor?

I shared this story with some people, and they agree that the student is writing to me so much in order to provoke me into saying some things that she will be able to use to mount a grievance procedure against me. I still have absolutely no idea what made her so contrary in this particular course and why she refuses to use the opportunities I'm giving her to make things better. This situation baffles me so much because in all my years of teaching there have, of course, been all kinds of issues and conflicts with students. Still, I have never experienced such a single-minded rejection of every single thing that happens in the course from any student.

Today, I came home with a firm intention to spend the first three days of my Thanksgiving break lying in bed and reading my Kindle. But the nasty student spoiled all that by her incessant angry e-mails.

Sorry for the rant, dear readers, but this has become so annoying that I needed to share this. There are only two more classes where I have to see that student, after which I hope never to find myself in her presence again.

Thursday, November 18, 2010

Slavoj Zizek's On Belief: A Review, Part I

I have no idea how I managed to miss Žižek's On Belief when it first came out. Now, however, I have finally had a chance to read this book by one of the greatest philosophers of out time (actually, the greatest, in my opinion) and I have thoroughly enjoyed it.

Of course, Žižek wouldn't be true to himself if he didn't frame this book as yet another failing effort to rescue at least some sad remnants of the Russian Revolution as a genuine transformative and hopeful event. In On Belief, he does this through a very desperate "Stalin - bad, Lenin - good" sort of argument. Of course, anybody who has even the most superficial knowledge of the history of the Russian Revolution realizes that such an argument is non-viable. No amount of quotes from Kant, Hegel and Lacan can dispel the historical reality of Stalin being one of the 4 people who were the closest to Lenin at every step of the way both before and after the revolution. No kind of philosophical casuistry can deny the fact that Stalin was the most faithful  and logical, albeit quite plodding, follower of Lenin. It would be great if Žižek would quit flogging the dead horse of the Russian Revolution and realize that the stench the dead horse's corpse is producing only makes it fit for a speedy burial. Still, even a great philosopher has a right to a small weakness here and there.

Thankfully, Žižek doesn't spend too much time on these feeble attempts to resuscitate Lenin for the future of humanity. When he is not addressing the traumatic (especially, for someone of his origins) legacy of the Soviet Union and speaks, instead, of the present and the future, Žižek is spectacular. In On Belief, Žižek virulently assaults the contemporary pieties of certain liberal-leaning intellectuals. Their interest in all kinds of New Age philosophies that are supposed to rescue them from the evils of consumerist society deserves the philosopher's scorn:
The ultimate postmodern irony is thus the strange exchange between Europe and Asia: at the very moment when, at the level of the "economic infrastructure," "European" technology and capitalism are triumphing world-wide, at the level of "ideological superstructure," the Judeo-Christian legacy is threatened in the European space itself by the onslaught of the New Age "Asiatic" thought, which, in its different guises, from the "Western Buddhism" (today's counterpoint to Western Marxism, as opposed to the "Asiatic" Marxism–Leninism) to different "Taos," is establishing itself as the hegemonic ideology of global capitalism. Therein resides the highest speculative identity of the opposites in today's global civilization: although "Western Buddhism" presents itself as the remedy against the stressful tension of the capitalist dynamics, allowing us to uncouple and retain inner peace and Gelassenheit, it actually functions as its perfect ideological supplement.
We have all met liberals of this ilk. They spend their lives chasing after a spirituality of a higher order that they have found in quasi-Buddhist practices. Sitting in their incense-smelling rooms, surrounded by paraphernalia they bought in a store that boasts of selling items brought directly from Tibet, they pontificate for hours against the evils of Eurocentrism, flaunt their boringly ideological vegetarianism, and celebrate the supposedly pure and miraculous spiritual, medical and sexual advances of the Easterners. Unsurprisingly, Žižek, who is opposed to any kind of hypocrisy, has something to say about that. The very talk of Eurocentrism is an act of orientalism:

Therein resides the ultimate paradox: the more Europeans try to penetrate the "true" Tibet, the more the very FORM of their endeavor undermines their goal. We should appreciate the full scope of this paradox, especially with regard to "Eurocentrism." The Tibetans were extremely self-centered: "To them, Tibet was the center of the world, the heart of civilization." What characterizes the European civilization is, on the contrary, precisely its ex-centered character – the notion that the ultimate pillar of Wisdom, the secret agalma, the spiritual treasure, the lost object–cause of desire, which we in the West long ago betrayed, could be recuperated out there, in the forbidden exotic place. Colonization was never simply the imposition of Western values, the assimilation of the Oriental and other Others to the European Sameness; it was always also the search for the lost spiritual innocence of OUR OWN civilization. This story begins at the very dawn of Western civilization, in Ancient Greece: for the Greeks, Egypt was just such a mythic place of the lost ancient wisdom.
One cannot escape Europeanness through a flight - either imaginary or physical - towards the East. Just the opposite, the more passionately you embrace Eastern practices, the more anchored you become in your colonizing European identity. This kind of a rebellion is not only devoid of any actual transgressive value, it actually reinforces the very practices from which it purports to liberate you. The same sad process of a formerly transgressive behavior becoming a pillar of a repressive establishment can be seen in the realm of student rebellion:

The "truth" of the student's transgressive revolt against the Establishment is the emergence of a new establishment in which transgression is part of the game, solicited by the gadgets which organize our life as the permanent dealing with excesses.
The irony of the situation is that Žižek, whose every word is aimed at being a transgressive act, is especially loved by spoiled trust fund babies turned Ivy League graduate students who entertain themselves with Žižek's writings as they are biding their time before taking control of the very establishment they like to imagine themselves as subverting.

In a similar way, the tolerant multi-culturalists who celebrate the Other and spend their lives in a navel-gazing privilege examination are exactly the same as fundamentalist Evangelicals in the US. We all know how much Žižek dislikes such fanatics of tolerance (and how grateful I am to the great philospher for shining a light of reason on them). I only wish that I ever find my way to formulating my objections to their peculiar brand of fanaticism as beautifully and precisely as Žižek does:
Moral majority fundamentalists and tolerant multi-culturalists are the two sides of the same coin, they both share the fascination with the Other. In moral majority, this fascination displays the envious hatred of the Other's excessive jouissance, while the multiculturalist tolerance of the Other's Otherness is also more twisted than it may appear – it is sustained by a secret desire for the Other to REMAIN "other," not to become too much like us.
I have seen these attempts to enforce Otherness by our tolerant comrades more times than I care to remember on this very blog. They hate it when anybody tries to address Otherness with anything than quasi-respectful silence. These fanatics of meaningless tolerance are terrified that a discussion, an analysis, a rapprochement will reduce the Otherness of those they desperately need to be fully and completely Other. Without scratching the itchy scab of their imaginary privilege ona adaily basis, they will have no sense of their own identity, their own self-worth. This is why there is nothing more disrespectful of the Other than a refusal to discuss the limits of its Otherness. The position that "Every choice has an equal right to exist" is profoundly imbued with the capitalist philosophy, which is the reason Žižek hates it so much.

[The second part of the review is located here]

Voting Is a Pleasure: A Funny Video from Catalonia

My reader Canukistani has sent me a link to the following hilarious video that a political organization in Catalonia is using to encourage the young people to vote:

I wish I could have shown this video to my students before our recent elections. However, even if I'd known about the video then, I would have been too afraid of scandalizing our Midwestern students.

Thank you, Canukistani!

Berating Professor Talbert for Berating His Students

Since I wrote my post on the video that shows Cornell's Professor Talbert admonishing his students for artificial loud yawns in the middle of his lecture, I have visited quite a few academic websites that discuss this situation. I was surprised to see how many fellow academics literally fall over themselves in their rush to condemn their colleague (talking about teacherly solidarity, one can see that it hardly exists.) What people fail to realize, though, is that while teaching at Cornell sounds extremely prestigious, it isn't as simple as it might seem to someone who hasn't tried doing it. As someone who did, I would like to share my insights into the very specific nature of teaching at Cornell.

Cornell students are quite special. Don't get me wrong, I loved my students, and I still keep getting letters from them thanking me for being their teacher. However, these kids mostly come from a very specific kind of families. From birth, they are prepared for a certain kind of life, for a certain type of careers. Many of them have those helicopter parents who follow their children's academic successes with a single-minded dedication. Before you give a Cornell student a B (let alone a C), you have to brace yourself for endless phone calls that you will receive in your office from concerned parents screeching "My son is so hard-working, and you just went and destroyed his entire future by giving him a B!" Often, this is followed by the timeless adage of "We are paying you a lot of money to teach my kid, so go and teach her in a way that will let her continue being a straight A student she's always been!" One of the first things you are warned about as a new faculty member at Cornell is how to deal with such parents because the issue is so wide-spread at that university.

The students there are very hard-working and dedicated. However, their academic diligence is of a certain nature. It is very mechanical and even robotic. They see the learning process as a set of tasks and obligations that need to be completed. Involving them in general discussions about anything is very hard because they start badgering you with questions about how this discussion will be relevant to the final exam, the final essay, and the final grade. Whenever you talk about anything in class, you get interrupted every two minutes by a student asking in a frustrated voice whether this will be on the test. As a result, the students feel exhausted and lack interest for anything that will not be on the final exam. It isn't for nothing that Cornell has become known as a "suicide school." 

I once interrupted one of my courses at Cornell and dedicated 3 weeks of class to discussing with my students why they organized their academic careers - and their lives - in a way that precluded all enjoyment. Why did they see the process of acquiring education as a series of boring obligations that need to be ticked off the list on a daily basis? Their answers to these questions were sometimes scary. "What other way is there?" they would ask. Or, "I need to graduate, find a good job, and start supporting a family" (this from an 18-year-old boy who, obviously, had no family yet.) "My parents invested all they had to pay for this, so I can't disappoint them." And so on.

We talked for three weeks about why being overworked and deriving no pleasure from life was considered fashionable among Cornell students. Why they flaunted their endless to-do lists in discussions with friends. Why the idea of spending all day in bed with a good book or a collection of old movies, or that perennial staple of student life - arguing about art, politics, and the meaning of life with their fellow students all night long - scared them so much. I am happy to report that since then one of the students in that class wrote to me to tell me that he was taking a year off school to fulfill his dream of travelling through Latin America, while another student decided to join the Peace Corps for a while. Both of these students' e-mails started with "Remember what we discussed in our course on identity? So I decided. . ."

Professor Talbert was teaching a class with 250 students. As a result, he had no chance to enter into these long, philosophical discussions with the students. You need an intimate setting of a literature seminar in order to do that productively. Having to deal with the students' profound indifference (and often even an outright rejection) towards anything that isn't robotic, task-oriented, and ultimately meaningless, he took the road of showing them how unacceptable such an attitude is. If the parents of these students failed to teach their overachieving little robots anything about decent human behavior, what choice does a professor have but to remind his students that the world is a lot more complex than they were led to behave? That getting an Ivy League education and learning to multi-task will not make it acceptable to be a swine and treat others like rubbish.

You go, Professor Talbert!

P.S. Google surely works fast. An hour after I posted this, the post comes up at the top of the search for "Professor Talbert." I'm glad because I don't think that the character assassination this fine educator has been subjected to is fair.


I wish I had this video on hand when I was explaining to my students why borders are meaningless artificial constructs:

If you've seen the video already, sorry for getting it in front of you again. I just want to keep it where I'm sure not to lose it for the next time I will be teaching this course.

Feeling Freudian?

The following article title is the funniest Freudian slip I have heard in a while:

I doubt that the article itself can be any better than this fantastic title, but here it is in case you are doubting that it's a real article title. The article is not very recent, but I'm slow on the uptake and it takes me forever to discover things people have been talking about forever. I'm also the last one to get the joke at any gathering, so here you have it. In case you missed this article when it first came out, please join me in savoring it now. I have been laughing for the past 10 minutes over it.

I think that not only has the journalist Tom Brandt write the most famous article of his life when he came up with this one, he also inadvertently (?) hit on the real reason why the Republicans hate Obama as much as they do.

A Cornell Professor Admonishes Rude Students

This video of a Cornell professor telling off students who interrupt his lecture with exaggeratedly loud yawns has been making the rounds on the academic websites. Everybody dumps on the professor for raising his voice to the students but I think that he was right. We coddle the students so much nowadays that they keep behaving like overgrown, spoiled babies in the classroom and everywhere else. On the one hand, we are expected to prepare them for the real word, for being successful in the workplace. On the other hand, however, we have to placate, entertain and keep them constantly happy and engaged. Sometimes, it's just frustrating to see how immature some students are. As much as this annoying childishness is their own fault, we are partly to blame too because of how rarely we do what the brave Professor Talbert has done.

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Technological Prowess

I'm very proud of myself because today I installed a computer (instead of the endlessly crashing one in my office) and I did it completely on my own. Then, it turned out that it doesn't have Microsoft Office installed, so I downloaded OpenOffice, which I always heard was in no way worse than Microsoft Office. And now I'm very happy because only a person whose computer kept crashing in every possible way for a year can fully appreciate the joy of having a normally functioning computer.

The only problem is that after two days of using a touchscreen cell phone, I keep poking every computer monitor I see with my finger, expecting something good to happen. But the only thing that happens is that people keep looking at me like I'm weird. Our brains learn to adapt to new technology really fast. When I was six, my father took me to his job and showed me the first computer I'd ever seen. It was a huge machine that occupied an entire room, made a humming noise, and had to be fed perforated cards. I'm going to utter a platitude now but I feel I earned it as somebody who just single-handedly installed her very first computer: it's scary to imagine what new technological advances await us in a couple of years and especially in a couple of decades.